WuKong Education Blog / Learning Tips / Chinese Learning / Dragon in Chinese: A Comprehensive Guide 2024

Dragon in Chinese: A Comprehensive Guide 2024


When we hear about Chinese Culture, the sign ‘Dragon’ comes to mind. This word is literally called ‘Long, Loong, and Lung’ (龙) in Chinese language and is a symbol that has taken over Chinese culture and traditions. It is given so much importance and is considered so sacred that it is woven into the Chinese national flag. This sign comes in puppets, decorations, pictures, monuments, and much more around China. The Dragon is a sharp-clawed, hawk-like creature with elongated body which is considered holy and is revered as an auspicious creature.

The dragon symbolises good luck, good health, prosperity, wisdom, male energy, power, ambition, nobility, fertility. It is considered as the son of heavens and leader of rainfalls. The Chinese also believe that the dragon controls the water bodies like rivers, seas, and oceans, and it also controls the rain. It is not in a single colour, in fact, the dragon symbol in Chinese has many colours like black, red, white, etc. and each one of them depicts different things. Let’s dig into the details of the role of a dragon in Chinese culture furthermore.

The traditional Chinese Dragon symbol

How to Pronounce Dragon in Chinese Cantonese?

Cantonese chinese is mostly spoken in the southern part of China and it is also widely used. You would be fascinated to learn how ‘dragon’is pronounced in the Cantonese Chinese language. So, we are here to tell you that. The Cantonese Chinese use the word ‘Lung fung’ or ‘Long fong’ for the dragon.

How to write Dragon in Chinese?

The word Dragon is written as 龙 (Long). This is the Chinese way to write dragon in Chinese language. Previously, it was written in the shape of a dragon with two eyes and claws. 

Dragon in Simplified Chinese:

Dragon in Chinese: A Comprehensive Guide 2024 - WuKong Education Blog

Dragon in traditional Chinese character:

Dragon in Chinese: A Comprehensive Guide 2024 - WuKong Education Blog

Origin and Significance:

Previously or in history, the Chinese dragon was associated with the Chinese emperor which depicts imperial power, however, now it is associated with various positive things and is believed to disturb the energy at home in Chinese culture. There are nine types of Chinese dragon names: Fuxi, Bixi, Quiniu, Yazi, Chaofeng, Suanni, Pulao, Chiwen, and Bi’an. These nine sons have different interests, personalities, and appearances depicting different things. It is not a symbol of evil power, in fact, it is a symbol of sage, compassion, prosperity, and good health for Chinese culture and according to Chinese philosophy.

Power of Dragon in Chinese Culture:

The power of the Dragon in Chinese culture can be seen from the fact that they consider the dragon to be ruling over the rainfall, their good luck, good health, seas, oceans, and many other positive things in their lives. They consider their lives to be dependent on the blessings from the dragon.  They also consider that the dragon distributes energy in their homes.

Concept of Dragon in Chinese Art and Architecture

The Chinese art and architecture are intricate and very detailed, the dragon is also an important part of their architecture and other art forms. The dragon’s influence extends beyond myths in the realm of Chinese architecture. Dragons rule their artefacts, temples, homes, palaces, and many other traditional buildings showing aesthetics, and Chinese traditional significance.

Role of Dragon in Chinese Festivities and Celebrations

The traditional and most powerful Chinese dragon is considered as ‘Dragon God’ and many people worship it in their temples or at homes too while the strongest Dragon is the ‘King of Dragons’. In this way, the Chinese dragon has a great role and importance in the Chinese Culture and traditions where it depicts good luck and health.

Symbolism behind Dragon in Chinese

Dragon in Chinese: A Comprehensive Guide 2024 - WuKong Education Blog

As talked earlier, the Chinese dragon holds prime importance in Chinese culture and traditions. The nine sons of the dragon depict different things like the black dragon symbolises vengeance while the other dragons usually symbolises prosperity, good luck, wisdom, good energy, and is associated with male energy. This means it is also associated with fertility. The Chinese make amulets of the Chinese dragon according to the type of energy they require and wear it around their neck. Also, they keep the puppets or idols of dragons at their homes to keep the flow of good energy distributed


In conclusion of this exploration, when the importance of dragons in Chinese culture is studied it transcends mere myths and it is seen that the Chinese have a firm belief on the good luck brought about by the dragon. In fact, it is a symbol that is woven into their nation’s flag. Be it the ancient times of the modern era, the Chinese have not given up on the dragon’s belief. This has kept the Chinese civilization and spirits intact till now. The dragon stands tall as a symbol of wealth, health, intelligence, and power.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS)

1.  What is the literal meaning of Dragon in Chinese?

The word Dragon or Chinese Dragon in Chinese language is also known as “Loong, Long, or Lung”. It is a Chinese traditional symbol which is related to their traditions and culture. It is a legendary creature in Chinese mythology, Chinese Folklore, and Chinese culture which depicts power, strength, intelligence, etc. This symbol has taken over Chinese culture, in fact, it is famous as a Chinese zodiac symbol or simply a Chinese Cultural symbol around the world.

2.  What does the dragon symbolise in Chinese Culture?

The Dragon symbol holds a great importance in Chinese culture and it depicts power, strength, intelligence, yang energy, and masculine power. This symbol is mostly associated with male energy. It is also associated with good luck, health, and protection. The Chinese use dragon amulets or rings or use it as a symbol hanging at their homes to pursue protection and good luck.

3.  What type of Chinese festivals feature the dragon?

Almost all types of Chinese cultural and traditional activities are associated with the Dragon. They use it here and there during their festivities. However, some of the most common dragon festivals include Dragon boat races which are featured in Dragon Boat Festival. Other than that, the Chinese New Year festivities also include the Dragon as it is also part of their zodiac Calendar. The Dragon dance is displayed at their New Year Festival to get good luck.

4.  How is the Dragon connected to Ying Yang in Chinese?

In Chinese philosophy and mythology, the dragon is connected to yin and yang energy. It is also a depiction of the Yang energy particularly, however, it depicts the balance between the yin and yan complementary forces. It is believed that the dragon keeps a balance in the cosmic arrangement and symbolises harmony. 

留资卡片:中文(en): Book Now for Free-Online Chinese Language classes for 3 to 18 year-old students