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520 Chinese Valentine’s Day: The Breakdown


520 Chinese Valentine’s Day, a romantic celebration observed on May 20th, holds profound significance in Chinese culture. The numbers “520” sound similar to the phrase “I love you” in Mandarin, making it a day dedicated to expressing love and affection. In this article, we delve into the rich history, cultural traditions, and contemporary celebrations that make 520 Chinese Valentine’s Day a unique and cherished observance.

History and Origin of 520

520 Chinese Valentine’s Day: The Breakdown - WuKong Blog

The origins of Chinese Valentine’s Day on May 20th can be traced back to ancient Chinese folklore, specifically the poignant love tale of Niulang and Zhinu, symbolizing the poignant reunion of separated lovers. In contemporary times, May 20th has evolved into a modern manifestation of love, captivating the hearts of couples not only in China but also globally.

Unlike many Chinese holidays rooted in folk legends, the genesis of 520 Chinese Valentine’s Day lies in the internet culture of the 2000s. The number 520 has long been associated with the expression “I love you” in China, gaining significant popularity among Chinese netizens with the rise of the internet. Over time, 520 has become a widely embraced means of conveying love, particularly among the younger generation.

In 1998, the popularity of 520 surged when singer Fan Xiaolan released the song “Digital Love,” replacing the phrase “I love you” with the number 520. Capitalizing on this trend, businesses in China initiated campaigns on May 20th (5/20), transforming it into an unofficial Chinese Valentine’s Day—a day for couples to celebrate their love and romance.

While not an officially recognized holiday, many couples in China celebrate 520 by expressing their love for each other. Typically, men shower their girlfriends or wives with gifts and plan romantic dates. Given the romantic essence of the 520 holiday, numerous Chinese couples also choose this special date for engagements or weddings.

In recent years, there has been a growing trend of women reciprocating on May 21st, using the number 521, pronounced as wǔ’èryī, which sounds akin to “我愿意 wǒ yuànyì,” signifying “I am willing” or “I do” in Chinese. This adds an additional layer of romantic significance to the post-520 celebration.

Nowadays, the 520 festival has become rather commercial as many businesses see it as an opportunity to boost their sales, with Chinese e-commerce giants such as Taobao or running marketing campaigns targeting shoppers looking for gifts for their loved ones. Moreover, most restaurants are overwhelmingly busy, and bookings usually need to be made weeks in advance.

520 Chinese Internet Valentine’s Day

520 Chinese Valentine’s Day: The Breakdown - WuKong Blog

Are numbers just numbers? Well, not really. Each individual holds a cherished number close to their heart—perhaps a birthday, a wedding anniversary, or a number that has brought them good fortune. Whatever the reason, one thing is certain: these are not mere numerical digits for us.

In Chinese culture, this sentiment takes a unique turn, transcending mere verbal communication to incorporate the language of numbers. The Chinese language, with its distinctive grammatical structure, treats each word as a self-contained unit of meaning, and when characters are combined, they resemble the pieces of a puzzle. Numbers, in a similar vein, possess individual significance as quantities, yet they can be disassembled and recombined to form diverse numerical expressions.

What if certain numbers sound akin to actual words? This convergence is nothing short of serendipitous. In Mandarin, one can construct sentences using numbers alone. Consider the case of the number 520—when pronounced in Mandarin, it sounds like “I love you.” The 20th of May (520) is articulated as (wǔ èr líng), bearing a striking resemblance to 我爱你 (wǒ ài nǐ), which translates to “I love you.” This linguistic match has designated the 20th (and 21st) as Internet Valentine’s Day(网络情人节).

Given the challenge some face in expressing affection face-to-face, individuals turn to Chinese social media platforms like WeChat, Weibo, and QQ to convey their feelings by typing messages with 520 or 521, often accompanied by a thoughtful gift. This phenomenon has given rise to a thriving market, as encapsulated in the Chinese proverb: “only when there is demand can there be business.”

Enterprises, including florists, chocolate brands, travel agencies, and jewelry, cosmetics, and fashion brands, have adeptly leveraged this online trend, transforming it into an effective marketing strategy to connect with Chinese consumers. Simultaneously, with the surge in e-commerce popularity, many opt to purchase their Valentine’s Day gifts online, symbolizing their emotions and aspirations.

However, 520 is not the sole avenue for Mandarin communication; another noteworthy expression is 5201314. Here, 520 conveys love, while 1314 symbolizes 一生一世 (yīshēng yīshì), meaning “for a lifetime.” Thus, uttering 5201314 signifies a profound declaration of “I love you for a lifetime.”

The explanation of 520 as Chinese Valentine’s Day has seamlessly integrated into contemporary Chinese culture, symbolizing the strength of love and unity. Couples mark the occasion by exchanging heartfelt messages, gifts, and partaking in romantic activities to celebrate their enduring love. This day serves as a poignant reminder to cherish relationships and openly express affection.

FAQs About 520 Chinese Valentine’s Day

Q: Why is it called 520 Chinese Valentine’s Day?

A: The term “520” phonetically sounds like “I love you” in Mandarin, making it a popular choice to celebrate love on May 20th.

Q: Are there specific traditions associated with 520 Chinese Valentine’s Day?

A: Yes, exchanging romantic gifts, especially roses, and planning memorable activities are common traditions. Many couples choose this day for proposals and declarations of love.

Q: How did the Niulang and Zhinu legend influence 520 Chinese Valentine’s Day?

A: The legend symbolizes the enduring power of love, inspiring the celebration as a day of reuniting and cherishing relationships.


In essence, 520 Chinese Valentine’s Day has evolved from ancient legends to a contemporary celebration of love. The day offers couples a unique opportunity to express their feelings and create lasting memories. Whether through thoughtful gifts, romantic gestures, or heartfelt messages, the celebration of love on May 20th transcends cultural boundaries. As we embrace the spirit of 520 Chinese Valentine’s Day, let us cherish the bonds that unite us and celebrate the magic of love.

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